Sunday Trading Restrictions
Since 1994 there have been no restrictions on shopping hours - apart from Sundays - following a decision by Parliament to deregulate shop opening times by the Deregulation and Contracting Out Act 1994. This repealed the Shops Act 1950 which had previously governed the hours at which shops could open. All shops are now able to open without restrictions between Monday to Saturday.
Restrictions on opening times on Sundays are under the Sunday Trading Act 1994 confined to large shops (defined under the Act as those having an internal sales area of over 280 square metres), which may open for six hours between 10 am and 6 pm and are required to remain closed on Easter Sunday. Small shops are not covered by these restrictions and can open freely. The Sunday Trading Act also includes specific measures to protect the rights of shop workers who do not wish to work on Sunday.
Apart from the restrictions mentioned above it is left to individual owners to determine their opening hours in the light of customer demand.
The Regulatory Reform (Sunday Trading) Order 2004 removed the requirement for large shops to notify local authorities of their Sunday trading hours or of any changes. Large shops limited to trading for a maximum of six hours between 10 am and 6 pm on Sundays must display these hours inside and outside the premises.
Shops that are subject to planning restrictions that prevent them trading on a Sunday must still comply with those restrictions
Easter Sunday and Christmas Day
The Christmas Day (Trading) Act 2004 prohibits large shops from opening on Christmas Day.
The Sunday Trading Act 1994 requires large shops - those where the relevant floor area exceeds 280 square metres to close on Easter Sunday.
There are certain exemptions to the 280 rule:
- shops at a designated airport, in a railway station, at a highway service area or at any petrol filling station;
- shops where the trade or business carried on consists wholly or mainly of the sale of alcohol / motor or cycle supplies and accessories;
- registered pharmacies that are not open for the retail sale of any goods other than medical and surgical goods;
- farm shops where the trade consists wholly, or mainly of the sale of produce (crops or reared animals) from that farm;
- public houses, off licenses and take away food shops (These premises must still comply with the requirements of the Licensing Act 2003 and planning legislation);
- exhibition stands.
The Sunday Trading Act 1994 contains provisions for the protection of staff. These provisions are not enforced by the Local Authority but are the jurisdiction of an Industrial Tribunal with the exception of the original provisions of the Shops Act 1950 relating to time off in respect of Sunday working.