Types of discrimination (protected characteristics)

It is against the law to discriminate against anyone because of:
These are called protected characteristics.

You are protected from discrimination:

  • at work
  • in education
  • as a consumer
  • when using public services
  • when buying or renting property
  • as a member or guest of a private club or association
You are legally protected from discrimination by the Equality Act 2010.

You are also protected from discrimination if:

  • you are associated with someone who has a protected characteristic, for example a family member or friend
  • you have complained about discrimination or supported someone else’s claim

Action against discrimination

You can do something voluntarily to help people with a protected characteristic. This is called positive action.
Taking positive action is legal if people with a protected characteristic:
  • are at a disadvantage
  • have particular needs
  • are under-represented in an activity or type of work

See also:

For further information: